How Al-Azhar’s grand imam survived the constitutional amendments

Source: Madamasr Author(s): Asmahan Soliman Original Link: https://madamasr.com/en/2019/04/11/feature/politics/how-the-grand-imam-of-al-azhar-survived-the-constitutional-amendments/ As part of the raft of controversial amendments to Egypt’s Constitution slated to be put to a public referendum later this month, a proposed article would have featured a less independent Al-Azhar — Egypt’s highest...

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After the Islamic State, Renewed Urgency for Religious Reform

Source: Washington Institute Author(s): Dina Al Riffie Original Link: https://www.washingtoninstitute.org/policy-analysis/view/after-the-islamic-state-renewed-urgency-for-religious-reform The recent declaration of the Islamic State (IS) territorial defeat in Syria has refocused the debate on how to achieve an enduring peace based on successful counterextremism initiatives. This raises a...

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Egyptian Rev. Forces and Iran: Disincentives of Relations

Source: Egyptian Institute for Studies Author(s): Mohamed Abu Saada Original Link: https://en.eipss-eg.org/egyptian-rev-forces-and-iran-disincentives-of-relations/ One of the most prominent features of the current regional and global  political system is the rapid increase in the size and significance of non-state entities operating on a global, transboundary basis. This poses a major...

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Egypt’s Political Exiles: Going Anywhere but Home

Source: Carnegie Author(s): Michele Dunne and Amr Hamzawy Original Link: https://carnegieendowment.org/2019/03/29/egypt-s-political-exiles-going-anywhere-but-home-pub-78728 While Egyptians have expatriated to find work abroad for decades, something different has been going on since 2011: thousands have expatriated for political reasons. Some have left based on a general sense that the...

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On Saudi relationship with Egypt’s M. Brotherhood

Source: Egyptian Institute for Studies Author(s): Amjad Ahmed Gibreel Original Link: https://en.eipss-eg.org/on-saudi-relationship-with-egypts-m-brotherhood/ The relationship between Saudi Arabia and the Muslim Brotherhood movement in Egypt has gone through many stages. However, the outbreak of the Egyptian January 25 Revolution (2011) has introduced new factors on the structure of this...

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Iran and the Muslim Brotherhood After the Arab Uprisings

Source: Carnegie Author(s): Tamer Badawi and Osama Al-Sayyad Original Link: https://carnegie-mec.org/2019/03/19/mismatched-expectations-iran-and-muslim-brotherhood-after-arab-uprisings-pub-78621 Iran and the Muslim Brotherhood, despite falling on opposite sides of the Middle East’s Sunni-Shia divide, both see benefits in cultivating ties. For Iran, outreach to the Brotherhood, particularly the...

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Conflicting Currents in Egyptian Thought

Source: Hudson Institute Author(s): Tarek Elgawhary Original Link: https://www.hudson.org/research/14857-conflicting-currents-in-egyptian-thought Two significant streams of Muslim thought flow through Egypt. One emanates from the scholarship of the al-Ahzar establishment in Cairo; the other from the legacy of Hasan al-Banna and the movement he founded.1 With that in mind, this article...

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Surviving Repression: How Egypt’s Muslim Brotherhood Has Carried On

Source: Carnegie Author(s): Barbara Zollner Original Link: https://carnegie-mec.org/2019/03/11/surviving-repression-how-egypt-s-muslim-brotherhood-has-carried-on-pub-78552 Since the military overthrow in July 2013 of Egypt’s then president Mohamed Morsi, the regime of President Abdel Fattah el-Sisi has engaged in the systematic repression of the Muslim Brotherhood, of which Morsi is a member...

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Money and Morals: Salafi Economics in the Arab World

Source: Carnegie Author(s): Francesco Cavatorta, Valeria Resta Original Link: https://carnegie-mec.org/2019/03/06/money-and-morals-salafi-economics-in-arab-world-pub-78509 In the wake of the 2010–2011 Arab uprisings, many Salafis across the Middle East and North Africa moved away from their traditional noninvolvement in political activism and embraced institutional politics through the...

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Organizational Split and Radicalization Within Egypt’s Muslim Brotherhood

Source: Washington Institute Author(s): Annette Ranko and Mohammad Yaghi Original Link: https://www.washingtoninstitute.org/policy-analysis/view/organizational-split-and-radicalization-within-egypts-muslim-brotherhood Internal structural changes and ideological rifts have given rise to new strategies for legitimizing violence. On February 20, Egypt executed nine Muslim Brotherhood members...

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Superficial Gains, but No Lasting Success in Sinai 2018

Source: The Tahrir Institute for Middle East Policy Author(s): Amer Mohamad Original Link: https://timep.org/commentary/analysis/superficial-gains-but-no-lasting-success-in-sinai-2018/ On February 9 last year, the Egyptian military spokesman announced the launch of “Comprehensive Military Operation Sinai 2018.” The operation, which involved the army, navy, air force, border patrol, and police...

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Lost Capital: The Egyptian Muslim Brotherhood’s Neoliberal Transformation

Source: Carnegie Author(s): Wael Gamal Original Link: http://carnegie-mec.org/2019/02/01/lost-capital-egyptian-muslim-brotherhood-s-neoliberal-transformation-pub-78271 In an October 2011 interview, Hassan Malek, a leading Egyptian Muslim Brotherhood businessman, emphasized that the Islamist group was friendly to business. Its main problem with the economic policies of former president Hosni...

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