General Mobilization

Source: Carnegie Author(s): Perry Cammack Original Link: https://carnegie-mec.org/diwan/77948 A divided government with ballooning defense budgets pursuing a nationalist agenda. A president responding to growing public distrust by wrapping himself in the military’s popular legitimacy. The militarization of the upper echelons of decisionmaking. This describes Egypt under President ‘Abdel-Fattah...

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Power Politics or Principle?

Source: Carnegie Author(s): Nathan J. Brown and and Cassia Bardos Original Link: https://carnegie-mec.org/diwan/77928 After publicly squabbling over divorce law and religious language, Egypt’s presidency and its leading Islamic institution, Al-Azhar, have moved their clash to a much more arcane level. Today, they disagree over how much society is threatened by debating the authenticity...

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Sisi’s Ambitions in Libya

Source: Carnegie Author(s): Khaled Mahmoud Original Link: https://carnegieendowment.org/sada/77847   On October 23, Egyptian-mediated talks between the Libyan National Army (LNA)—the military faction led by Khalifa Haftar and which controls most of Eastern Libya—and the internationally recognized Government of National Accord (GNA) in Tripoli fell apart once again. These negotiations...

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Sisi Builds a Green Zone for Egypt

Source: Carnegie Endowment For International Peace Author(s): Michele Dunne Original Link: https://carnegieendowment.org/2018/11/27/sisi-builds-green-zone-for-egypt-pub-77803 Egypt’s new administrative capital, currently under construction—and tentatively named Wedian, which means “desert valleys”— represents concretely where President Abdel Fattah el-Sisi has been trying to take his country...

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Egypt’s Economy May be Improving, but this is not Inclusive nor Sustainable

Source: Carnegie Endowment Author(s): Wael Gamal Original Link: https://carnegie-mec.org/diwan/77391 In fiscal year 2017–2018, ending in June, Egypt’s GDP grew by 5.3 percent. This was the highest growth rate since 2007–2008, when the economy grew by 7.2 percent, just before it was hit by the global economic crisis and political instability starting in early 2011. However, despite such

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Double-Standard Human Rights

Source: Carnegie Endowment Author(s): Perry Cammack Original Link: https://carnegie-mec.org/diwan/77224 Donald Trump has tweeted the phrase “human rights” four times as president. Each instance came during a three-day period beginning on New Years’ Eve 2017 (here, here, here, and here), and each targeted Iran. The Trump administration’s attacks on Iran’s human rights record didn’t end there...

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New Arab World Order

Source: Carnegie Endowment Author(s): Marc Lynch Original Link: http://carnegieendowment.org/2018/08/16/new-arab-world-order-pub-77056 In 2011, millions of citizens across the Arab world took to the streets. Popular uprisings from Tunis to Cairo promised to topple autocracies and usher in democratic reforms. For a moment, it looked as if the old Middle Eastern order was coming to an end and a...

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Dashing Nubians’ Hopes of Returning Home

Source: Carnegie Endowment Author(s): Khaled Mahmoud Original Link: https://carnegieendowment.org/sada/77026 On June 5, the Egyptian parliament approved the Upper Egypt Development Agency bill, dealing a crushing blow to the hopes of the Nubian minority. The community, which represents around 3 percent of the population, has been struggling for decades to return to their home villages from...

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Trump Blinks, and Egypt’s Sisi Wins

Source: Carnegie Endowment Author(s): Andrew Miller Original Link: https://carnegieendowment.org/2018/08/10/trump-blinks-and-egypt-s-sisi-wins-pub-77052 Once again, Washington has backed down in a standoff with Cairo over military aid. On July 25, U.S. and Egyptian officials revealed that Secretary of State Mike Pompeo had released$195 million in military assistance, which had been frozen...

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Egypt: Security, Human Rights, and Reform

Source: Carnegie Endowment Author(s): Michelle Dunne Original Link: https://carnegieendowment.org/2018/07/25/egypt-security-human-rights-and-reform-pub-76916 Chairman Ros-Lehtinen, ranking member Deutch, and members of the Subcommittee, thank you for inviting me to testify. While Egypt is not in the headlines these days, there are important and worrying developments in security, economy...

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Behind Egypt’s New Wave of Arrests

Source: Carnegie Endowment  Author(s): Maged Mandour Original Link: https://carnegieendowment.org/sada/76709 Since Egyptian President Abdel Fattah El-Sisi won reelection in March with a record 97.08 percent of the vote—and particularly since his inauguration ceremony on June 2—the Egyptian regime has embarked on a renewed campaign of repression against prominent activists and opposition...

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Moscow’s Maghreb Moment

Source: Carnegie Middle East Center Author(s): Dalia Ghanem-Yazbeck and Vasily Kuznetsov Original Link: https://carnegie-mec.org/diwan/76572 For the last decade and a half, Russia has sought to regain influence in North Africa. To strengthen its presence in a region that more commonly interacts with the United States and the European Union (EU), Moscow has shown an ability to seize...

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