Yasmine Farouk

Yasmine Farouk studied political science at Cairo University, Sciences Po Paris and was a Fulbright Fellow at Yale University during her postdoctoral studies. Her previous research and publications cover Egyptian and Saudi foreign policies, international relations in the Arab world, and social participation in policy and constitution making. Prior to joining Carnegie, Yasmine was based

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The Middle East Strategic Alliance Has a Long Way To Go

Source: Carnegie Author(s): Yasmine Farouk Original Link: https://carnegieendowment.org/2019/02/08/middle-east-strategic-alliance-has-long-way-to-go-pub-78317 The Arab world needs a collective security architecture. The U.S. project of a Middle East Strategic Alliance (MESA) could in theory be a step forward, especially as it links military security to political and economic security. But so...

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Lost Capital: The Egyptian Muslim Brotherhood’s Neoliberal Transformation

Source: Carnegie Author(s): Wael Gamal Original Link: http://carnegie-mec.org/2019/02/01/lost-capital-egyptian-muslim-brotherhood-s-neoliberal-transformation-pub-78271 In an October 2011 interview, Hassan Malek, a leading Egyptian Muslim Brotherhood businessman, emphasized that the Islamist group was friendly to business. Its main problem with the economic policies of former president Hosni...

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Strangling Civil Society

Source: Carnegie Author(s): Michele Dunne and Cassia Bardos Original Link: https://carnegie-mec.org/diwan/78098 Egyptian civil society activists are wondering what will come of President Abdel-Fattah al-Sisi’s November 2018 promise to amend the country’s controversial law on nongovernmental organizations (NGOs). Dialogues between Minister of Social Solidarity Ghada Wali and a selection of the...

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Egypt Acquits Foreign NGO Workers. What Does This Mean For U.S.-Egypt Relations?

Source: Carnegie  Author(s): Michele Dunne Original Link: https://carnegieendowment.org/2018/12/20/egypt-acquits-foreign-ngo-workers.-what-does-this-mean-for-u.s.-egypt-relations-pub-78018 A source of long-standing tension between Egypt and the United States came to a close with the December 20 acquittal of more than forty Egyptians, Americans, and others convicted in 2013 of carrying out...

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General Mobilization

Source: Carnegie Author(s): Perry Cammack Original Link: https://carnegie-mec.org/diwan/77948 A divided government with ballooning defense budgets pursuing a nationalist agenda. A president responding to growing public distrust by wrapping himself in the military’s popular legitimacy. The militarization of the upper echelons of decisionmaking. This describes Egypt under President ‘Abdel-Fattah...

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Power Politics or Principle?

Source: Carnegie Author(s): Nathan J. Brown and and Cassia Bardos Original Link: https://carnegie-mec.org/diwan/77928 After publicly squabbling over divorce law and religious language, Egypt’s presidency and its leading Islamic institution, Al-Azhar, have moved their clash to a much more arcane level. Today, they disagree over how much society is threatened by debating the authenticity...

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Sisi’s Ambitions in Libya

Source: Carnegie Author(s): Khaled Mahmoud Original Link: https://carnegieendowment.org/sada/77847   On October 23, Egyptian-mediated talks between the Libyan National Army (LNA)—the military faction led by Khalifa Haftar and which controls most of Eastern Libya—and the internationally recognized Government of National Accord (GNA) in Tripoli fell apart once again. These negotiations...

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Sisi Builds a Green Zone for Egypt

Source: Carnegie Endowment For International Peace Author(s): Michele Dunne Original Link: https://carnegieendowment.org/2018/11/27/sisi-builds-green-zone-for-egypt-pub-77803 Egypt’s new administrative capital, currently under construction—and tentatively named Wedian, which means “desert valleys”— represents concretely where President Abdel Fattah el-Sisi has been trying to take his country...

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Egypt’s Economy May be Improving, but this is not Inclusive nor Sustainable

Source: Carnegie Endowment Author(s): Wael Gamal Original Link: https://carnegie-mec.org/diwan/77391 In fiscal year 2017–2018, ending in June, Egypt’s GDP grew by 5.3 percent. This was the highest growth rate since 2007–2008, when the economy grew by 7.2 percent, just before it was hit by the global economic crisis and political instability starting in early 2011. However, despite such

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Double-Standard Human Rights

Source: Carnegie Endowment Author(s): Perry Cammack Original Link: https://carnegie-mec.org/diwan/77224 Donald Trump has tweeted the phrase “human rights” four times as president. Each instance came during a three-day period beginning on New Years’ Eve 2017 (here, here, here, and here), and each targeted Iran. The Trump administration’s attacks on Iran’s human rights record didn’t end there...

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New Arab World Order

Source: Carnegie Endowment Author(s): Marc Lynch Original Link: http://carnegieendowment.org/2018/08/16/new-arab-world-order-pub-77056 In 2011, millions of citizens across the Arab world took to the streets. Popular uprisings from Tunis to Cairo promised to topple autocracies and usher in democratic reforms. For a moment, it looked as if the old Middle Eastern order was coming to an end and a...

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