The Muslim Brotherhood and the Egyptian State

Source: Egyptian Institute for Studies

Author(s): Mohamed Affan

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The 3 July military coup (2013) and the bloody events that that coincided with and followed it, most notably the dispersal of the Rabaa al-Adawiya and al-Nahda sit-ins, marked the climax of the seven-decade long clash between the State and the Muslim Brotherhood in Egypt, albeit at a varying pace.

This paper handles the ideological reasons for this turbulent relationship between the Muslim Brotherhood and the Egyptian State, in the post-republic era in particular, and explores why the State has considered the group an opponent that requires fighting a zero-sum battle against. Meanwhile, the group’s vision and attitude towards the Egyptian State were contradictory and unclear. However,  the MB has mostly adopted a reformist vision that recognizes the legitimacy of the State, and accordingly works through constitutional and legal tracks as much as possible.

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