TIMEP Brief: LGBTQ Human Rights in Egypt

Source: The Tahrir Institute for Middle East Policy Author(s): TIMEP Original Link:  https://timep.org/reports-briefings/timep-briefs/timep-brief-lgbtq-human-rights-in-egypt/ During the rule of former president Hosni Mubarak and under current President Abdel-Fattah El Sisi, the Egyptian government has appealed to its conservative base by positioning itself as a moral authority, instituting...

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TIMEP Brief: Draft NGO Law of 2019

Source: The Tahrir Institute for Middle East Policy Author(s): TIMEP   Original Link: https://timep.org/reports-briefings/draft-ngo-law-of-2019/   Egypt’s 2019 draft NGO Law governs the process by which domestic and foreign nongovernmental organizations (NGOs) can achieve legal recognition and sets forth provisions on their activities, oversight and monitoring, funding, and sanctions for...

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Short-Term Stability in Exchange for Long-Term Fragility

Source: The Tahrir Institute for Middle East Policy Author(s): Timothy E. Kaldas Original Link:  https://timep.org/commentary/analysis/short-term-stability-in-exchange-for-long-term-fragility/ It’s no secret that European Union leaders have increasingly focused their attention on the Middle East on one priority: stemming if not stopping migration from the region. Following the surge in asylum...

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The Reality of Church Construction in Egypt

Source: The Tahrir Institute for Middle East Policy Author(s): Ishak Ibrahim Original Link: https://timep.org/commentary/analysis/the-reality-of-church-construction-in-egypt/ Egypt’s 2016 Church Construction Law established what was, on its face, a streamlined process for the construction of churches, and also provided for a committee to formalize churches which had been built illegally. But...

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TIMEP Brief: Bankruptcy Law

Source: The Tahrir Institute for Middle East Policy Author(s): TIMEP Original Link: https://timep.org/reports-briefings/egypts-bankruptcy-law/ The Bankruptcy Law eliminates prison sentences for individuals who declare bankruptcy, except in cases of fraudulent behavior, though it increases the penalties for those individuals convicted of bankruptcy fraud. The law also creates mechanisms that...

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TIMEP Brief: Executions and the Death Penalty

Source: The Tahrir Institute for Middle East Policy Author(s): TIMEP Original Link: https://timep.org/reports-briefings/executions-and-the-death-penalty/ Since July 2013, Egyptian courts have increasingly carried out executions. According to reporting by the Egyptian Initiative for Personal Rights (EIPR), authorities carried out 49 and 43 executions in 2017 and 2018 respectively, a...

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TIMEP Brief: Accountability in US Arms Transfers

Source: The Tahrir Institute for Middle East Policy Author(s): TIMEP Original Link: https://timep.org/reports-briefings/accountability-in-arms-transfers/ Every year, the United States Congress appropriates billions of dollars to support foreign security forces by supplying training and equipment in an effort to maintain foreign policy and national security objectives. However, few avenues...

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TIMEP Brief: Industrial Licensing Law

Source: The Tahrir Institute for Middle East Policy Author(s): TIMEP Original Link: https://timep.org/reports-briefings/timep-brief-industrial-licensing-law/ Summary: The Industrial Licensing Law mandates that the Industrial Development Authority (IDA) respond to a request by a business for licensing within 30 days of the request being filed or the request will be considered granted. Licenses...

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TIMEP Brief: Press Freedom in Egypt

Source: The Tahrir Institute for Middle East Policy Author(s): TIMEP Original Link: https://timep.org/reports-briefings/timep-briefs/timep-brief-press-freedom-in-egypt/ Egypt today is among the world’s worst offenders against press freedom. While Egypt’s current constitution enshrines a free press, bans censorship, and ensures press independence, these rights are not protected in practice. The...

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TIMEP Brief: VAT Law

Source: The Tahrir Institute for Middle East Policy Author(s): TIMEP Original Link: https://timep.org/reports-briefings/timep-brief-vat-law/ The VAT Law replaced the existing 10 percent sales tax with a new VAT. The rate was initially set at 13 percent, and increased to 14 percent in July 2017, the start of the fiscal year following the law’s ratification. Although the VAT Law

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TIMEP Brief: Egypt’s 2019 Constitutional Referendum

Source: The Tahrir Institute for Middle East Policy Author(s): TIMEP Original Link: https://timep.org/reports-briefings/egypts-2019-constitutional-referendum/ Following parliamentary approval of a broad package of constitutional amendments that expand the authority of the executive branch and military at the expense of the independence of the judicial and legislative branches, Egyptians voted...

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TIMEP Brief: 2019 Constitutional Amendments

Source: The Tahrir Institute for Middle East Policy Author(s): TIMEP Original Link: https://timep.org/reports-briefings/timep-brief-2019-constitutional-amendments/ Background: On April 16, 2019, 531 members of Egypt’s House of Representatives voted to approve a set of constitutional amendments to the country’s 2014 constitution. The amendments will next be voted on in a...

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