Rural Women in Egypt: Opportunities and Vulnerabilities

Source: Economic Research Forum Author(s):  Caitlyn Keo, Caroline Krafft and Luca Fedi Original Link:  http://erf.org.eg/publications/rural-women-in-egypt-opportunities-and-vulnerabilities/ This paper investigates the lives and livelihoods of rural women in Egypt. Rural women have lower economic participation, by standard measures, than urban women or men. This paper introduced additional...

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The Evolution of Labor Supply in Egypt from 1988-2018: A Gendered Analysis

Source: Economic Research Forum Author(s): Caroline Krafft, Ragui Assaad and Caitlyn Keo Original Link:  http://erf.org.eg/publications/the-evolution-of-labor-supply-in-egypt-from-1988-2018-a-gendered-analysis/ This paper investigates the character of labor supply and especially female labor force participation in Egypt and its evolution over the thirty-year span from 1988 to 2018 using...

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Supporting Women’s Livelihoods in Egypt: Opportunities and Challenges

Source: Economic Research Forum Author(s): Caroline Krafft and Emma Kettle Original Link:  http://erf.org.eg/publications/supporting-womens-livelihoods-in-egypt-opportunities-and-challenges/ In a nutshell: Egyptian women, especially rural women, have low economic participation by standard measures. Standard measures under-estimate the economic engagement of rural women. Married women work a...

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Socioeconomic Status and the Changing Nature of School-to-Work Transitions in Egypt, Jordan and Tunisia

Source: Economic Research Forum Author(s): Ragui Assaad, Caroline Krafft and Colette Salemi Original Link: http://erf.org.eg/publications/socioeconomic-status-and-the-changing-nature-of-school-to-work-transitions-in-egypt-jordan-and-tunisia/ This paper examines the evolution of initial labor market outcomes across cohorts of school leavers by education and socioeconomic status in Egypt, Jordan...

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Caroline Krafft

Caroline Krafft is an assistant professor of economics at St. Catherine University. She received her PhD from the Department of Applied Economics at the University of Minnesota. Her research examines issues in development economics, primarily labor, education, health, and inequality in the Middle East and North Africa. Current projects include work on refugees, labor market

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Working Paper- Why is Fertility on the Rise in Egypt? The Role of Women’s Employment Opportunities

Source: Economic Research Forum Author(s): Caroline Krafft Original Link: http://erf.org.eg/publications/why-is-fertility-on-the-rise-in-egypt-the-role-of-womens-employment-opportunities/ Abstract: Can declining employment opportunities for women reverse the fertility transition? This paper presents new evidence that the demographic transition has not just stalled, but in fact reversed in...

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Working Paper- Inequality of Opportunity in Wages and Consumption in Egypt

Source: Economic Research Forum Author(s): Ragui Assaad, Caroline Krafft, John Roemer, Djavad Salehi-Isfahani Original Link: http://erf.org.eg/publications/inequality-of-opportunity-in-wages-and-consumption-in-egypt/ Abstract: We provide in this paper measures of inequality of opportunity of wages and consumption for Egypt at different points in time from 1988 to 2012. A standard way of...

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Working Paper- Understanding The Dynamics of Household Enterprises in Egypt: Birth, Death, Growth and Transformation

Source: Economic Research Forum Author(s): Caroline Krafft Original Link: http://erf.org.eg/publications/understanding-the-dynamics-of-household-enterprises-in-egypt-birth-death-growth-and-transformation/ Abstract: Micro and small household enterprises play an enormous role in growth and employment in developing economies such as Egypt. Despite the importance of household enterprises, little...

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Working Paper- Inequality of Opportunity in the Labor Market for Higher Education Graduates in Egypt and Jordan

Source: Economic Research Forum Author(s): Caroline Krafft, Ragui Assaad Original Link: http://erf.org.eg/publications/inequality-of-opportunity-in-the-labor-market-for-higher-education-graduates-in-egypt-and-jordan/ Abstract: In the Middle East and North Africa, unequal opportunities occur in both the education system and the labor market. The outcomes that individuals achieve in the labor...

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Why the Unemployment Rate is a Misleading Indicator of Labor Market Health in Egypt

Source: Economic Research Forum Author(s): Ragui Assaad, Caroline Krafft Original Link: http://erf.org.eg/publications/why-the-unemployment-rate-is-a-misleading-indicator-of-labor-market-health-in-egypt/ Abstract: Policy discussions about the health of the economy and the labor market in Egypt often focus almost exclusively on one indicator, namely the unemployment rate. This policy...

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Beware of the Echo: The Impending Return of Demographic Pressures in Egypt

Source: Economic Research Forum Author(s): Caroline Krafft, Ragui Assaad Original Link: http://erf.org.eg/publications/beware-of-the-echo-the-impending-return-of-demographic-pressures-in-egypt/ For many years, Egypt experienced substantial demographic pressures on its education system and labor market. These pressures have eased somewhat in recent years as fertility rates fell, but, as this...

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Promoting Successful Transitions to Employment for Egyptian Youth

Source: Economic Research Forum Author(s): Ragui Assaad, Caroline Krafft Original Link: http://erf.org.eg/publications/promoting-successful-transitions-to-employment-for-egyptian-youth/ Abstract: This Policy Perspective argues that active labor market policies, such as public employment schemes, wage subsidies, job search assistance, and skills training have not been effective in improving the...

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