Source: The Tahrir Institute for Middle East Policy
Author(s): Joey Shea
As kinetic operations have ebbed and flowed in Egypt’s North Sinai throughout the last eight years, residents have endlessly borne the brunt of instability from violent attacks, air strikes, and the far-reaching impacts of deep infrastructural damage. In addition to the violence, one of the most enduring and impactful features of frequent counterterrorism operations and measures has been the repeated shutdown of communications networks throughout the region.
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