Egypt’s Elections and Parliament: Old Habits Never Die

Source: The Tahrir Institute for Middle East Policy

Author(s): Ahmed Morsy

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Over the past year while the world was reeling in a pandemic that disrupted lives on all fronts, many countries carried out their planned elections and referenda, and Egypt was among them. Between July and December 2020, the National Elections Authority (NEA) administered elections for Egypt’s two houses of parliament—the House of Representatives and the newly-formed Senate. The recent amendments to the Political Rights Law state that the House is comprised of 568 elected members, of which 25 percent should be women. The president can appoint up to 5 percent of the chamber’s members. On the other hand, the Senate is comprised of 300 members of which 10 percent are designated to women—200 members are directly elected, while the remaining 100 are appointed by the president. According to Egypt’s Constitution, as amended in 2019, this bicameral system represents the legislative branch. 

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