Source: Carnegie Endowment
Author(s): Amr Hamzawy
Next January, it will be seven years since the popular uprising that ended the rule of former president Hosni Mubarak, unleashing an unprecedented wave of political turmoil in Egypt’s recent history.
And as the country prepares for a presidential election (due next March), it is worth taking stock of the past six years to explain where things went wrong and why Egypt failed miserably in its democratic test.
MUSLIM BROTHERHOOD DRIFTING
Following Mubarak’s resignation, the main advocates of democratic change in Egypt failed to create a consensus over how to manage politics going forward. They were very quick to get into disagreement at two levels.
First, identity-related controversies emerged and gained traction and second, they could not easily fill the political vacuum left by Mubarak’s departure….
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