Source: The Institute for National Security Studies
Author(s): Khader Sawaed
The revolution of January 25, 2011 in Egypt, which constituted one of the many upheavals of the Arab Spring, resulted in a regime change but also challenged Egypt’s stateness; that is, the state’s monopoly on the use of force, the administrative effectiveness of its bureaucracy, and civil consensus in defining both its collective and state identity. This challenge led to another regime change in the summer of 2013 and the restoration of an authoritarian regime after a year of trying to transition to democracy, dealing Egypt’s stateness yet another blow. Egypt’s challenge of stateness has affected it economically, socially, and politically, and it has had ramifications for both internal and regional stability and security as well as for Israel’s strategic interests.
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