Egypt: Transformation of Army’s Doctrine toward Israel

Source: Egyptian Institute for Studies

Author: Mahmoud Gamal

Original Link:

A military doctrine could be defined as: the traditions, values, and experiences that govern the behavior and attitudes of the military institution in public life; or as: the identification of enemies and the threats and how to get prepared for confronting them. Throughout Egypt’s modern history, the army has not identified any enemy other than Israel; and the army’s identification of the enemy has never separated from the masses’ doctrine.

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