Source: Economic Research Forum
Author(s): Adeel Malik and Ferdinand Eibl
Original Link: https://theforum.erf.org.eg/2018/02/06/politics-trade-protection-evidence-mubaraks-egypt/
Trade liberalisation in many developing countries has been pursued selectively, with a general reduction in tariffs counterbalanced by growing reliance on non-tariff measures. This column reports research on the political economy of such selective trade reform in Mubarak-era Egypt. The evidence shows that sectors with a greater concentration of politically connected business ‘cronies’ enjoyed systematically higher levels of non-tariff protection….
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