Ahmed Farouk Ghoneim is a professor of economics in the faculty of economics and political science at Cairo University. He is a research fellow at the Economic Research Forum for Arab Countries (ERF) in Egypt, where his research focuses on Iran and Turkey, and is also a research fellow at the Center for Social and Economic Research (CASE) in Poland. He works as a consultant to several international and national organizations including the World Bank, the World Trade Organization, the United Nations Conference on Trade and Development, the United Nations Development Programme, the United Nations World Food Programme, and the World International Properties Organization. He holds a Ph.D. in economics and his research interests include trade policy, trade in services, regional trade integration, the multilateral trading system, the World Trade Organization, competition, and the economics of intellectual property rights. He has held different policy oriented positions, such as advisor to Egypt’s Minister of Foreign Trade and advisor to Egypt’s Minister of Industry on foreign trade issues and international agreements.