Working Paper- Young People’s Gender Role Attitudes Over the Transition to Adulthood in Egypt

Source: Economic Research Forum
Author(s): May Gadallah, Rania Roushdy, Maia Sieverding

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Change in gender role attitudes is a neglected dimension of research on the transition to adulthood in the Middle East and North Africa that has broad implications for young people’s outcomes, as well as attitudinal change in the region over time. Using a life course framework, we examine the reciprocal relationship between attitudes formation and two key transitions in young people’s lives: the transition to marriage and parenthood, and young women’s transition to labor force participation. In order to address the simultaneity of attitudes formation and transitions, we exploit the panel dimension of the Survey of Young People in Egypt 2009 and 2014, estimating the impact of attitudes in 2009 on the likelihood of making transitions between 2009 and 2014, then the impact of those transitions on attitudes in 2014. We find that young women with more egalitarian attitudes are more likely to enter the labor market but, contrary to most international literature, entering the labor market does not have a corresponding liberalizing effect on women’s attitudes…

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