Source: German Council On Foreign Relations (Gdap)
Author(s): Abdelrahman Ayyash, Victor J. Willi
The Egyptian army’s removal of Mohammed Morsi in July 2013 brought major structural transformations to Egypt’s Muslim Brotherhood. Today, with thousands of MB leaders and mid-level cadres under arrest, it is nearly impossible for the organization’s leadership to control the movement’s lower ranks. Many rank-and-file members are frustrated with the old guard’s reluctance to advocate a more aggressive stance against the regime, despite its widespread human rights violations.
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